It is very sad to say that we are living in 21 century and advanced world but still our thinking is very old about the females. When a first child takes birth as a girl in the family, we accept quite happily and start thinking about what will happen next – girl or boy. This thought provokes to identify a girl or a boy in pregnancy, ultrasound is used to determine the male or female anatomy. If the new baby is a boy then it is okay otherwise people may attempt to kill this fetus inside the womb during the first trimester. Thousands of girls are aborted after knowing their child sex and it is the main cause of imbalance in the sex ratio. Asian and developing countries are more ahead in female foeticide as comparing the developed countries.
Look at this world sex ratio image which presents:
Pink represents more Males.
Blue more Females.
Green same number of M/F.
Asian countries and some small counties from North America and Europe sex ratio are low as compared with other continentals.
Top 15 Countries where female Sex Ratio is low according to The World Factbook Birth Report:
|Ranking||Name of the Nation||Sex Ratio at Birth|
|1||Liechtenstein||126 males / 100 Females|
|2||China||115 Males / 100 Females|
|3||Armenia||113 Males / 100 Females|
|4||Hong Kong||112 Males / 100 Females|
|5||India||112 Males / 100 Females|
|6||Azerbaijan||111 Males / 100 Females|
|7||Viet Nam||111 Males / 100 Females|
|8||Albania||110 Males / 100 Females|
|9||Grenada||110 Males / 100 Females|
|10||San Marino||110 Males / 100 Females|
|11||Georgia||108 Males / 100 Females|
|12||Isle of Man||100 Males / 100 Females|
|13||Kosovo||108 Males / 100 Females|
|14||Republic of Macedonia||108 Males / 100 Females|
|15||Andorra||105 Males / 107 Females|
However there are many causes of female foeticide according to their regions, religions and communities but following are the main reasons for girls child foeticide:
1. Desire of a Boy
The first and vital cause “boy is the status symbol in our society”. We think he will expend our family, earn good money, a man is strong emotionally and physically and take care of his parents till the end.
2. A Girl cannot proceed the family lineage
Most people think girls cannot proceed the father family because girls will have to go another family. Parents family will go end after her marriage and no one will be there for parents care. But this all seems wrong. Mostly girls love their parents more than boys. They are always with the parents in joy and sorrow.
3. Misuse of Ultrasound technology
Ultrasound scan gives a lot of useful information about the foetus growth during the pregnancy. Unfortunately, many IVF specialists misuse of Ultrasound scan technology to check the child sex which is against the law and nature.
4. Girls are not safe (Eve Teasing)
Our society is also responsible for girl killing in womb. Boys tease the girls when they found them alone or even in the public places. They do bad comments on their dresses, characters, sexual harassment, acid throwing, and dating abuse. That’s why parents afraid to send girls outside the home, school, colleges and another city.
5. Marriage Expenses (Dowry System)
We have been following this evil tradition since past 100 years. Parents starts thinking about her marriage from the day she born. They have started gathering things and money for her marriage not for education and good living facilities for their girl. Dowry is a big burden on our society. Dowry is also a major cause of women death who are newly marriage and murdered by continuous harassment and torture by husbands or in-laws family. Dowry deaths are found in India, Australia, Bangladesh, Pakistan, and Iran. Hundreds of women are killed every day in the world just due to Dowry System. We need to break this tradition to save the lives and reduce the extra wedding expenses.
6. Raped or Sexual Harassment
A United Nations Rape statistical report shows that “250,000 cases of rape or attempted rape were recorded by police annually”. Many females are afraid to report this crime because of the importance of family reputation in the society. Thousands of women are raped every day in the world. This also the biggest cause of the fatal crime.
7. A Girls is not as Strong as a Boy
We feel girls cannot do the work as good as boys do like they can’t join army and police, girls cannot do heavy-duty jobs, Catholic priests, and professional pilot. But girls has reached at all places nowadays. They have ability to perform any tasks. We just need to give a chance to show her ability.
8. Gender Discrimination
Until we do not stop boy and girl gender discrimination till than this girls killing crime is not going to stop. We need to treat and provide equal right to the girl not only at the home but also in public places, office and educational institutes.
9. Lack of Education
Female Foeticide ratio is more high in the countries or regions where illiteracy rate is high, lack of education and knowledge. People are still living with traditional thoughts and culture which is anti-women. Most of the women still at home and busy in household work and the reason behind it we think women are just for housework. She does not require education and work skills.
What steps should we take to stop female foeticide?
1. Change Thinking Save Girl
Yes, the first thing we need to do change people thinking who think girls cannot change the world. We should not forget “a man takes birth from a woman”. So a female can do all the things that a man can do perfectly. Our mother also needs to take a step forward and report to your husband or any in-law family member who say about fetus abortion due to a just girl in the womb. Need for girls nursing same as we do for boys and train them for life challenge and career, not just for housewife and baby-makers.
2. Strong Law
Need to make strong & strict, and world level law so that everybody thinks about the punishment before doing this vital crime. Need to take strong action again doctors, labs, and hospitals where cases like abortions take places.
3. Non-Gender Discover-able UltraSound Machines
Our UltraSound machine maker should create an innovative technology which does not show fetus gender while ultrasound. I think there is only Ultrasound a way to find the fetus sex in the womb.
4. Public Awareness Programs
Govt or we need to spread awareness and education in our society about this inequality. We should include female foeticide topics in school and college syllabus, organize regular events in rural and urban regions, use technology to spread the awareness, make girls feel safe, kill the dowry system and any other cause which is responsible for woman foeticide.
At the end, the boy and girls both are important in a family. Both take the birth in the world to make the new world. We should focus on their future, lives, and education, not gender. Always remember one thing “A Man Alone cannot Expend a Family Without a Woman”.
Please give your views, comments below and share this article to aware people about the female foeticide.