It is very sad to say that we are living in 21 century and the advanced world but still our thinking is very old about the females. When a first child takes birth as a girl in the family, we accept quite happily and start thinking about what will happen next – girl or boy. This thought provokes to identify a girl or a boy in pregnancy. The ultrasound scan is used to determine male or female anatomy. If the new baby is a boy then it is okay otherwise people may attempt to kill this fetus inside the womb during the first trimester. Thousands of girls are aborted after knowing their child sex and it is the main cause of imbalance in the sex ratio. Asian and developing countries are more ahead in female foeticide as comparing the developed countries.
Look at this world sex ratio image which presents:
- Pink represents more Males.
- Blue more Females.
- Green the same number of M/F.
Asian countries and some small counties from North America and Europe sex ratio are low as compared with other continentals.
Top 15 Countries where female Sex Ratio is low according to The World Factbook Birth Report:
|Ranking||Name of the Nation||Sex Ratio at Birth|
|1||Liechtenstein||126 males / 100 Females|
|2||China||115 Males / 100 Females|
|3||Armenia||113 Males / 100 Females|
|4||Hong Kong||112 Males / 100 Females|
|5||India||112 Males / 100 Females|
|6||Azerbaijan||111 Males / 100 Females|
|7||Viet Nam||111 Males / 100 Females|
|8||Albania||110 Males / 100 Females|
|9||Grenada||110 Males / 100 Females|
|10||San Marino||110 Males / 100 Females|
|11||Georgia||108 Males / 100 Females|
|12||Isle of Man||100 Males / 100 Females|
|13||Kosovo||108 Males / 100 Females|
|14||Republic of Macedonia||108 Males / 100 Females|
|15||Andorra||105 Males / 107 Females|
Causes of Female Foeticide
However, there are many causes of female foeticide according to their regions, religions, and communities but the following are the main reasons for girls child foeticide:
1. The Desire of a Boy
The first and vital cause “boy is the status symbol in our society”. We think he will expend our family, earn good money, a man is strong physically & emotionally and he can better take care of his parents till the end. The desire of a boy is the main cause of this crime. In many cases, parents give birth to many girls or kill them in the womb till than a boy does not take birth.
2. A Girl cannot proceed the family lineage
Mostly people think girls cannot proceed with their father’s family because girls will have to go to the in-law family after the marriage. Parents’ families will go end after her marriage and no one will be there for parents’ care. But that all seems wrong. Mostly girls love their parents more than boys. They are always with the parents in joy and sorrow.
3. Misuse of Ultrasound technology
Ultrasound scanning machine gives a lot of useful information about the early foetus growth during the pregnancy. Unfortunately, many IVF specialists misuse Ultrasound scan technology to check the baby sex which is against the law and nature.
4. Girls are not safe (Eve Teasing)
Our society is also responsible for girl killing in the womb. Boys tease the girls when they found them alone or even in public places. They do bad comments on their dresses, characters, sexual harassment, acid throwing, and dating abuse. That’s why parents afraid to send girls outside the home, school, colleges and another city.
5. Marriage Expenses (Dowry System)
We have been following this evil tradition for the past 100 years. Parents start thinking about her marriage from the day she born. They have started gathering things and money for her marriage not for education and good living facilities for their girl. Dowry is a big burden on our society. Dowry is also a major cause of women’s death who is newly married and murdered by continuous harassment and torture by husbands or in-laws family. Dowry deaths are found in India, Australia, Bangladesh, Pakistan, and Iran. Hundreds of women are killed every day in the world just due to Dowry System. We need to break this tradition to save the lives and reduce the extra wedding expenses.
6. Raped or Sexual Harassment
A United Nations Rape statistical report shows that “250,000 cases of rape or attempted rape were recorded by police annually”. Many females are afraid to report this crime because of the importance of family reputation in society. Thousands of women are raped every day in the world and killed many of them. This also the biggest cause of fatal crime.
7. A Girls is not as Strong as a Boy
We feel girls cannot do the work as well as boys do like they can’t join the army and police, girls cannot do heavy-duty jobs, Catholic priests, driving buses & trucks and professional pilots. But girls have reached all the places nowadays. They have the ability to perform any tasks. We just need to give a chance to show her ability.
8. Gender Discrimination
Until we do not stop boy and girl gender discrimination till than this girls killing crime is not going to stop. We need to treat and provide equal rights to the girl not only at the home but also in public places, office and educational institutes.
9. Lack of Education
Female Foeticide ratio is higher in the countries or regions where the illiteracy rate is high, lack of education and knowledge. People are still living with traditional thoughts and culture which is anti-women. Most of the women still at home and busy in household work and the reason behind it we think women are just for housework. She does not require education and work skills.
10.Corruption in Medical Field
The medical profession which was once an honest and respected field of the job but today is corruption at every level. The corruption is also a major factor in the rise of female foeticide. Doctors take a lot of money to check baby gender using an ultrasound scan and then abortion. The doctor and other medical staff need to do their work honestly and follow the legal acts.
What Steps Should We Take To Stop Female Foeticide?
1. Change Thinking Save Girl
Yes, the first thing we need to do change people thinking who thinks girls cannot change the world. We should not forget “a man takes birth from a woman”. So a female can do all the things that a man can do perfectly. Our mother also needs to take a step forward and report to your husband or any in-law family member who says about fetus abortion due to a just girl in the womb. Need for girls nursing the same as we do for boys and train them for life challenge and career, not just for housewives and baby-makers.
2. Strong Law
Need to make strong & strict, and world level law so that everybody thinks about the punishment before doing this vital crime. We need to take strong action again doctors, labs, and hospitals where cases like abortions take place.
3. Non-Gender Discoverable Ultrasound Machines
Our UltraSound machine maker should create an innovative technology that does not show fetus gender while ultrasound. I think UltraSound is only a way to find the fetus’s sex in the womb. So the technician needs to change this change.
4. Public Awareness Programs
Govt or we need to spread awareness and education in our society about this inequality. We should include female foeticide topics in school and college syllabus, organize regular events in rural and urban regions, use technology to spread awareness, make girls feel safe, kill the dowry system and any other cause which is responsible for women foeticide.
In the end, the boy and girls both are important in a family. Both take birth in the world to make the new world. We should focus on their future, lives, and education, not gender. Always remember one thing “A Man Alone cannot Expend a Family Without a Woman”.
Please give your views, comments below and share this article to aware people about the female foeticide.