Animal Agriculture: Formulation and Types of Livestock Feed

Formulation Types Livestock Feed

What is Livestock Feeding?

Just as humans need proper meals to achieve a healthy body, animals need the same. Our meals are specifically quantified and factored to yield our desired results; animal feed Thailand gives the same attention to livestock feeding, providing the healthiest version of meals to our animals.

Feeding plays a pivotal role when it comes to ensuring a higher yield in livestock. Animals are advantaged with us, humans, because we have the knowledge about what feeding is suitable and intended for them to maintain their best shape and health. Large quantities of crops and imported protein meals are required for livestock feeding (mainly soybean meal).

It also studies the effects of nutrients and other chemicals in food on an organism’s maintenance, development, reproduction, health, and disease. Food intake, digestion, absorption, assimilation, biosynthesis, catabolism, and excretion are all part of this process. 

What is Livestock Feed Made of?

Feed ingredients are crucial in agriculture. It should be the main priority to sustain immeasurable pleasure for the livestock. The feed grains, including maize, soybeans, sorghum, oats, and barley, are the principal constituents in commercially prepared feed. Premixes, which are marketed separately, may be included in compound feed.

  • Corn grits are the familiar energy source for feed formulation.
  • Noodles Waste procures from the factory of noodles contribute valuable “energy” and has reasonable protein content.
  • Wheat offals – It is made up of the wheat kernel’s exterior layers (cuticle, pericarp, and seed coat) and modest portions of the starchy endosperm.
  • Fish meal – the very purpose of this ingredient is to combat diseases and provides an abundant amino acid
  • Amino acid – can help flocks to reduce their mortality and cannibalism while reducing fat accumulation and increasing egg size.
  • Common salt, Mineral premixes, Oyster/seashells, and bone meal, are common additives that are minerals and vitamin sources. 

What is an Animal Feed Formulation?

Feed formulation for commercial purposes refers to determining the quantities of ingredients and additives to blend to create compound feeds that contain the nutrient requirements of targeted species while meeting production goals at the lowest possible cost. Livestock feed provides various classifications. The constraints in the context of feed formulation are product specifications, defined as the minimum and maximum levels of dietary nutrients and ingredients that the outcome can hold. The goal is to find inexpensive ingredients that can be combined to make the product. 

What Crops Are Best for Animal Feed?

Crops provide a wide range of impacts on the animals; they provide aid for the agriculturist to obtain adequate nutrition in farming. Animal feed Bangkok is known for providing the best crop for feeding livestock. Here are the listings of crops that are suitable and best for animal feed;

  1. Corn – is dominant in most livestock and poultry rations. It is a high-energy feed that has been fed to animals for centuries. In animals’ diets, corn provides energy but not a lot of protein.
  2. Squash and pumpkins – Pumpkins are high in vitamins A and E and folate and fiber. Although they are mostly water (roughly 85 percent moisture content), they can be a good source of supplemental protein. Many livestock, including horses, cattle, sheep, and goats, find them tasty.
  3. Wheat– Wheat has higher protein content than corn and is one of the cereals with the highest protein content available for animal feed. It also has a high energy value, ranging from 3.0 to 3.5 Mcal ME (Megacalories of Metabolizable Energy), making it an important energy source in animal feed.
  4. Cassava– its flour can be supplemented with various ingredients to provide the nutrients required for balanced poultry food rations.
  5. Banana– With the known nutritional content of banana stems, breeding needs for goat meat are not an issue.
  6. Carrots – can also be used as a source of energy in cow diets. According to one report, cows can consume up to 35 pounds of carrots per day.
  7. Mangels – Mangels are highly nutritious, easy to grow, can grow to enormous sizes (up to 20 pounds), and store well, making them an excellent winter substitute for fresh greens
  8. Potatoes– provide a high, rapidly digestible starch (70 percent of the dry matter).
  9. Wheat – has a higher protein content than corn and is one of the cereals with the highest protein content available for animal feed. It also has a high energy value, ranging from 3.0 to 3.5 Mcal ME (Megacalories of Metabolizable Energy), making it an important energy source in animal feed.
  10. Hay– Hay nutrition is essential for keeping the animal healthy and protecting its digestive health.

How is Animal Feed Produced?

To produce animal feed, feed mills worldwide use four basic processes: receiving raw ingredients from suppliers, developing a feed formula, mixing ingredients together to make a complete feed, and packaging. In other ways, some farmers do it manually. They exert vigorous effort to create livestock feed from the farm. They also perform feed formulation to sustain the need of their growl. On the other hand, they use feed grinding, mixing, packing, and cooling machines.

Types of Livestock Feeds 

There is innumerable livestock feed that exists today. As years roll by, humans extend another idea to create innovation and more nutritious feeds for the livestock. ‘

Cattle Feed

Cattle cubes, pelleted cattle feed, and textured cattle feed are the three main types of cattle feed.

Cattle cubes aid in the maintenance of your herd’s weight and condition because they are designed to supplement fair and low-quality forage and also supplement the protein, minerals, and vitamins found in cow forage.

Pelleted cattle feed is made from grains such as wheat midds, cottonseed meal, corn, and other energy sources. It varies in size but is tiny, making it easier to digest than other feed options.

Textured cattle feed Flaked corn, molasses, protein pellets, and a variety of other energy sources are used to make textured cattle feed.

Pig feed

It is critical to feed the hog a balanced diet that is appropriate for the pig’s age and weight. As a pig grows, it requires a variety of foods to help it develop into a healthy animal.

Starter Feed diets are typically divided into three phases based on the pig’s weight. The Starter 1 diet is fed to the pig until it weighs 15 pounds. The Starter 2 diet is commonly fed until the pig weighs 25 pounds, and then the Starter 3 diet is fed until the pig weighs 50 pounds.

Grower to finisher feed after the pig weighs about 50 pounds, it should be fed a grower-to-finisher feed.

Gestational feed this diet is fed to gestating sows and differs from the standard pig diet in that it contains more vitamins and minerals.

Lactation Feed when a sow gives birth, she should be given a special lactation feed.

Aquatic feed

Fish food can be classified into two types based on the difference in food sources.

Natural food– Water is essential to the survival of fish. Natural food is the primary source of nutrition for fish. Natural fish food refers to naturally produced foods in a reservoir’s water. Natural food for fish includes plankton, aquatic insects and plants, aphids, organic matter at the bottom of ponds, and so on.

Supplementary food– In addition to natural food for increased production, some food is supplied from outside the reservoir. These foods provided from outside sources are referred to as supplementary food. Supplemental foods for fish include rice husk, wheat bran, mustard oil cake, and so on. Fish food can also be divided into the following categories: Plant food, Animal food, mixed food, and prepared food.

Chicken Feed

Starter Chicken Feed is a high-protein chicken feed formulated to meet the nutritional needs of baby chicks.

Grower Chicken Feed is similar to chicken feed for adolescent chickens in many aspects.

Layer Chicken Feed For most of their lives, your flock’s diet will consist primarily of delicious layer feed. Layer feed offers a clever blend of protein, calcium, and other vitamins and minerals that promotes your flock to lay top-notch eggs.

Mash simply put, mash is a raw, unprocessed kind of poultry feed. Mash is known to be the finest form of chicken feed typically available, with a texture similar to potting soil. Mash is generally provided to baby chicks since it is easier to digest; however, feeding mash to fully developed birds is not uncommon.

Crumble is a coarser version of mash that is less compact than pellets.

Pellets- are probably the most prevalent type of chicken feed on the market. Just as they sound, Pellets are little, compact cylinders of chicken feed goodness. 

Where to Buy Animal Feed

If you are looking for animal feed that is surely nutritious and no longer stocked in the market, you can look for a livestock feed mill. The poultry feed mill plant manufactures and sells food for chickens, geese, ducks, and other domestic birds. Because a single feed cannot meet all of the birds’ nutritional needs, various poultry feeds (mash feed, crumble feed, pellet feed) are produced.


To be wise and engage in a business in which we can invest money and spare time for recreation. Animal agriculture has a critical impact on society and the country; you can provide and produce reasonable livestock because you follow the standard feed formulation. You know what types of feed you need to serve for the kinds of flocks you have.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *