Gum recession is a condition in which your gums pull back from the tooth surface, exposing more of the tooth or the tooth surface of your teeth. This is a serious consequence of bad oral health which may lead to tooth loss.
The Main Cause Of the Gum Recession
The main cause of gum recession is having a bacterial infection called periodontal (gum disease). This can happen when tooth losses hold and slowly disconnect from one gum and bones. A small touch may cause the teeth to move, and eating or chewing can cause tooth loss.
Aggressive tooth brushing
When you brush too hard with too much force, it can cause the enamel on your teeth to wear away and your gums to recede.
Grinding or clenching your teeth
Grinding or clenching or having an inadequate occlusion or bite can also cause a major recession. Grinding can cause a litany of other problems including wearing your teeth, jaw pain, or even breaking your teeth.
Hormone changes can lead to gum recession. More female hormones (estrogen and progesterone) cause more blood to flow to your gums, which causes them to become more sensitive or more vulnerable to gum recession.
Your immune system can be weak if you do smoke. Smoking causes inflammation in areas related to your immune system that make your immune system less effective in fighting off infections. Once you have gum damage, smoking also makes it difficult for your gums to heal.
It’s one of the major risk factors for developing gum disease. Tobacco users are more likely to have gummed plaque on their teeth that are difficult to remove and it can cause gum recession.
If you have a family history of gum recession, then the possibility of developing gum diseases may increase. Studies have found that about 30 percent of people are genetically susceptible to periodontal (gum) disease.
Symptoms Of Gum Recession
The symptoms of gum recession include:
- Gums that bleed when you brush or floss,
- Changes in the position of your teeth,
- Red, swollen gums,
- Bad taste in the mouth,
- Bad breathing,
- Look for lines or notches along the bottom of the teeth,
- Loose or shifted teeth,
- Visibly shrinking gums.
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