Metals are found everywhere on the earth that have different uses. Industries have been mainly benefitting from the properties of metals. Each metal has its set of characteristics that make it unique and purposeful for a specific task. There are plenty of metals that are used in different industries. Stainless steel is among the popular metals that industries have been using or different purposes.
The reason stainless steel is so popular among all the other elements is the unique properties that make it eligible for industrial uses. Majorly it is used in tube and OCTG pipe, due to its strong and versatile built. There are different grades for stainless steel that becomes the deciding factor for the quality of stainless steel. You can buy a 316 seamless tube, which is quality stainless steel for tubing.
Stainless Steel: An Overview
The most important thing that you need to be aware of stainless steel is not a single material, but it is a common name given to the family of steel which is corrosion resistant. Just like other scientific discoveries, the invention of stainless steel has a serendipitous accident behind it. Harry Brearley was working on the development of steel alloys for gun barrels in 1913. He came to notice that some of the samples were not prone to rust. The alloys that were hard to corrode or rust had 13% chromium.
The initial applications of stainless steel started in cutlery in Sheffield, and gradually it becomes globally reckoned material that didn’t rust easily. Scientists began to work on stainless steel and transforming it further. The work in France led to the discovery of first austenitic stainless steel.
The global demand for stainless steel is constantly increasing by 5% every year. Annual consumption of stainless steel has now touched 20 million tons, and the construction industry is a maximum contributor to the rise. Many unique properties of stainless steel make it popular among the industries. It is corrosion-resistant, durable, flexible, versatile and each property contributes to making stainless steel ideal for industrial use.
Advantageous Properties of Stainless Steel
Compared to other metals used in industries, stainless steel has got some impressive properties that make it popular for industrial use. Take a look at some of the advantageous features of stainless steel.
The best thing about stainless steel that makes it a popular choice is its corrosion resistance. Stainless steel is an iron-based alloy that comprises of 10% chromium. The presence of chromium in the stainless steel creates a self-healing protective layer of transparent oxide on it that protects it from rusting. It keeps the corrosion resistance intact in the stainless steel.
Measured by ductility and toughness at the zero temperature is known as the cryogenic resistance. The tensile toughness of the austenitic stainless steel is quite higher than at the average temperature. The toughness of stainless steel is even more enhanced due to its cryogenic temperature resistance.
The hardening of the stainless steel has plenty of benefits in using the metal in heavy-duty work. Unlike the other metals that have a low melting point, stainless steel can stand strong in extreme temperature, making an ideal choice of metal for industrial use.
Another major highlight of stainless steel is its ductility. Stainless steel has higher elongation that increases its ductility and high work hardening as well. Hence it can be used for a heavy-duty task without worrying about the ductility.
Compared to other steel and metals, stainless steel holds a higher tensile strength making it more durable than any available metal. Furthermore, duplex stainless steel comprises of higher tensile toughness compared to the austenitic steel. That’s the reason why stainless steel is taken as the first priority while completing heavy-duty tasks.
It is the attraction of steel to a magnetic field. Austenitic stainless steel has a lower magnetic response compared to the other metal. So you can easily use stainless steel while working in an area that is highly magnetic without worrying about the magnetic response.
The Bottom Line
Stainless steel is a popular material that is used in industrial purposes. There are plenty of reasons that lead to making stainless steel ideal for industrial use. Whether it is the corrosion-resistant built or the heat tolerance, stainless steel makes a perfect material for tubing and piping uses. There are plenty of industries that are currently utilizing the benefits of stainless steel in the best way possible.
It is essential to understand that stainless steel has some unique characteristics that make them ideal for industrial use. You need to select the stainless steel according to its grade that decides its quality.
The above mentioned were some of the beneficial properties of stainless steel that make it a preferred material.