What are the Main Components of a Home Roof and Their Functions?

Main Components of Home Roof

There are a lot of trends prevailing in the architecture sector currently. But with so many directions, it also becomes challenging to cope with each of them. Especially if you do not have much idea about the structure, what it comprises of, or which parts need maintenance, it will get tough for you. Apart from that, such improvements always do come in handy. Hence, here we will be focussing on the different parts and functions of the roof.


Known to be the roof cover rectangular and flat shapes. These get installed at the eaves of the roof post the decking of the roof placed. Depending on the design and location of the house, shingles are made of robust and waterproof materials such as plastic, flagstone, slate, metal, wood or various other materials, composite. At the moment, solar shingles are very much in trend, and their primary function is to prevent water from entering the eaves. 


It Is commonly also known as the ridge boars. It is a horizontal wood or metal that rests at the roof’s peak, creating the roof’s triangle. In the most technical terms, the ridge is the highest peak in the roof. The function of the ridge is to stay connected to the trusses and rafters for making the frame of the roof. 


This connects the two slopped or pitched roofs which form a 90-degree angle. This supports the valley rafter, which helps the roof’s internal gutter, where the small amount of debris or waterfalls and goes down to the external gutter. The roof valley ends up collecting the water that falls from the roof.


This is the lowest point of the gabled, mansard, or pitched roof. These are also known as the roof edges, which overhang from the face of the wall and project from the side of the hour. Eave is the one that connects the gutters and roofs. If you don’t know how to connect each other, guttering Canberra or a roofer can help you in the same.


This fixture is both functional and aesthetic. It is the roof structure that you will see when the roof straightened up. Located right between the roof eaves and the wall. Its basic function is to conceal the ceiling’s joists and rafters. 


Known to be one of the various sections of the roof, but it is not found on the roofs. It is predominantly used for describing the sloped sides placed at the end of the gabled roof. Rake can be either flat or overhanging. The overhang rakes are open or closed with the soffit or fascia. The best part is that it can easily get customized depending on the individual’s needs. 


It is one of the prominent wall types which is used for flashing of the roof, majorly in case of step flashing and base. Just like its counterpart front wall, the sidewalks are the vertical walls that intersect with the surface of the roof’s deck, which is imp for the roof.

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